Our Deep Dive on Artificial Intelligence
AI has the potential to address global challenges such as climate change and health, deliver significant economic returns and will require re-skilling and training as jobs are affected. The prospect of an estimated boost to global output of 16 percent, or $13 trillion, by 2030, has led to an unprecedented race to promote AI uptake across industry, consumer markets, and government services. Global corporate investment in AI has reportedly reached 60 billion USD in 2020, and is projected to more than double by 2025. Yet, AI also comes with risks, including improper or malicious use of AI solutions, and AI outcomes that are unethical. There is also a sense of an AI race, particularly between the US and China, the two nations at the forefront of AI development. To govern AI to maximize the economic opportunities, manage the strategic challenges, while addressing the risks of AI, requires international cooperation. In this regard, a range of international AI activity is taking place, including in the G20, the G7, the OECD, GPAI, and in international trade agreements. This deep dive will provide students with a solid grounding in domestic AI policy as well as international AI activity. Students will learn about key efforts to regulate AI, including in the EU, the US and China. Attention will also be paid to international efforts to develop AI policy, learn what more is needed, and what might be expected.
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Here is what you will learn
What is Artificial Intelligence
This will include an overview of the different forms of AI, including machine learning, reinforced learning and deep neural networks.
What are the economic, social and geopolitical implications of AI
Students will learn about how AI can boost economic growth, affect international trade, be used to address global challenges from climate to health, as well as the impact of AI on international relations.
How are governments seeking to govern AI
This will assess in detail AI policy in countries such as the US, the EU, and China, the key elements and how much is really being invested into AI.
The international efforts to govern AI
This will provide an overview of international development of AI policy, including in the G20, the G7, the Global Partnership on AI and in trade agreements.
What are the opportunities and challenges to international cooperation on AI
Here we will analyze how differences in approaches amongst countries to AI regulation, R&D capacity and geopolitical tensions are challenging efforts to develop a coordinated approach to AI governance.
Looking forward, what can we expect from AI and what might this mean for AI policy
We will conclude with a discussion on what AI policy is needed to boost AI capacity and develop international cooperation on AI.
Who will benefit from a deep dive into digital trade
Officials in government and international organizations
Officials developing AI policies, whether in the realm of economics, trade, standards, AIs effects on social and environmental outcomes, as well as working on the geopolitical impacts of AI.
Private sector representatives working on AI policy
Individuals working on AI policy in companies developing AI capacity or seeking to deploy AI within their company.
Non-governmental organizations and non-profits
Individuals working in 0rganizations that are engaged in AI policy, want to learn how to use AI to address social and environmental needs and working on broader issues of international trade and international relations.
Dr. Joshua Paul Meltzer
Dr. Meltzer is a senior fellow at the Brookings Institution in Washington D.C., where his research focuses on how data flows enable digital trade and emerging technologies such as AI, and the trade law and regulatory implications of cross-border data flows, including for privacy and cybersecurity. At Brookings, Meltzer leads the Digital Economy and Trade Project and co-leads the Forum on Cooperation in AI. Meltzer has testified before the U.S. Congress, the U.S. International Trade Commission and the European Parliament. He has been an expert witness in the Schremss II litigation in the EU and a consultant to the World Bank on trade and privacy matters. He is a member of Australia’s National Data Advisory Council and National AI Action Programs Committee. Meltzer teaches digital trade law at Melbourne University and at the University of Toronto, where he is an adjunct professor. Meltzer also teaches ecommerce and digital trade at the UK Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office diplomatic academy. Additional academic appointments have included as an adjunct professor at Johns Hopkins School for Advanced International Studies where he taught international trade and at McGill University. Before joining Brookings, Meltzer was posted as a diplomat at the Australian Embassy in Washington D.C. and prior to that he was an international trade negotiator in Australia’s Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade. Meltzer regularly appears in print and news media, including the Economist, the New York Times, the Washington Post, CNN, Bloomberg, MSNBC, CBS, Fox, the Asahi Shimbun and China Daily. Meltzer holds an S.J.D. and LL.M. from the University of Michigan Law School in Ann Arbor and law and commerce degrees from Monash University in Melbourne, Australia.